By LOLITA C. BALDOR
ABOARD A US MILITARY AIRCRAFT (AP) -- Gen. Martin Dempsey says that
once he determines the Islamic State militants in Iraq have become a
direct threat to the U.S. homeland, he will recommend the U.S. military
move directly against the group in Syria.
But the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said that right now, he
still believes the insurgent group is still more a regional threat and
is not plotting or planning attacks against either the U.S. or Europe.
Speaking on a military plane en route to Afghanistan Sunday, Dempsey
provided more detail into his thinking about the Islamic militants who
have stormed across Iraq, operating out of safe havens in Syria.
Dempsey did not rule out strikes for any other critical reasons, but
listed a homeland threat as one of the key triggers for any military
action in Syria.
So far, the Obama administration has restricted its military action
against the militants to specific operations within Iraq, but concerns
have increased as the Islamic State group extended its reach, taking
control of a swath of land stretching from Syria across the border and
deep into western and northern Iraq.
The group took over Iraq's second largest city, Mosul, in June, and
has since declared an Islamic state, or caliphate, in territory under
its control in Iraq and Syria.
Dempsey also told reporters traveling with him that he believes that
key allies in the region -- including Jordan, Turkey and Saudi Arabia --
will join the U.S. in quashing the Islamic State group.
"I think ISIS has been so brutal, and has wrapped itself in a radical
religious legitimacy that clearly threatens everybody I just mentioned,
that I think they will be willing partners," said Dempsey, expressing
optimism for the first time that the Arab nations would join in the
conflict. ISIS is an acronym for the Islamic State group.
At a Pentagon news conference last Thursday, Dempsey said the surging
Islamic State group has an "apocalyptic, end-of-days strategic vision"
in the Middle East and cannot be defeated unless confronted head-on in
"They can be contained, not in perpetuity," he said at the time.
"To your question," he told a reporter, "can they be defeated without
addressing that part of their organization which resides in Syria? The
answer is no. That will have to be addressed on both sides of what is
essentially at this point a nonexistent border.
"And that will come when we have a coalition in the region that takes on the task," he said.
He contrasted the Islamic State group to the Yemen-based al-Qaida in
the Arabian Peninsula, which has plotted and attempted attacks against
the U.S. and Europe. As a result, the U.S. has conducted
counterterrorism strikes against the group within Yemen.
Dempsey said that so far, there is no sign that the Islamic State
militants are engaged in "active plotting against the homeland, so it's
different than that which we see in Yemen."
"I can tell you with great clarity and certainty that if that threat
existed inside of Syria that it would certainly be my strong
recommendation that we would deal with it," said Dempsey. "I have every
confidence that the president of the United States would deal with it."
He added that those regional partners could come together and squeeze
the Islamic State group "from multiple directions in order to initially
disrupt and eventually defeat them. It has to happen with them, much
less with us."
Up to now, when asked about airstrikes inside Syria, Dempsey and
Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel have said all options remain on the table.
But so far there has been no broader authorization for such operations.
The Obama administration has authorized airstrikes within Iraq to
protect U.S. personnel and facilities and to help Iraqi and Kurdish
forces assist refugees driven from their homes by the Islamic State.
Most of the recent strikes have been around the Mosul Dam, which Islamic
militants had taken, but it is now back in the hands of the Iraqi and
Senior U.S. leaders, from the White House to the Pentagon, have said
the key to success in Iraq is the formation of an inclusive government
that will include disenfranchised Sunnis.
As the Islamic State militants moved across Iraq, some Sunnis --
including some members of the Iraqi security forces -- either threw down
their weapons or joined the group.
The U.S. has been encouraged as new Iraqi leaders, including Shiite
prime minister-designate Haider al-Abadi, begin to take steps to form a
new government and reach out to Sunnis.
Officials have suggested that any additional military assistance from
the U.S. to Iraq is contingent on those political and diplomatic steps
by the government.
One possibility, said Dempsey, would be to have U.S. forces provide more expanded advice and assistance to the Iraqi force.
He said military assessment teams looked at about 50 Iraqi brigades
and a number of the Kurdish units and have a good idea which ones have
appropriate training and equipment and have not been infiltrated by
So far, Dempsey said the U.S. has not sought or received permission
to put advisers into Iraqi brigades or headquarters units and accompany
them into combat.
To date, U.S. forces have conducted a total of 96 airstrikes across Iraq. Of those, 62 have been around the Mosul Dam.
The strikes have helps to break the insurgents' momentum, said
Dempsey, and strip away some of the mythology that the Islamic State is
impregnable or overwhelming.
Dempsey is on his way to Afghanistan to attend a change of command
ceremony Tuesday. Marine Gen. Joseph Dunford is stepping down as the top
commander there; Army Gen. John Campbell will take over.